Starts in the enclave of Kokkina and stretches for about 90 kilometers (55 miles) to Mammari, west of Nicosia. Since 16 October 1993, it has been under the responsibility of the Argentine contingent with about 212 soldiers. Sector One`s headquarters and commando company are located in the San Martin camp, near the village of Skouriotissa. Support Company finds its home in Roca Camp, near Xeros in the north. The two line companies are stationed along four permanent patrol bases and also conduct mobile patrols from the San Martin and Roca camps.  The 180-kilometer-long zone of separation that crosses the island into the Mediterranean – 20 kilometers wide in some places, 7 kilometers wide in others, lined with barbed wire – was established after the Turkish occupation and is guarded by peacekeepers from nine DESIGNATED UN countries and 13,000 Greek cypriot and Turkish Cypriot soldiers. The Green Line divides the capital Nicosia into two parts, which is why the island`s international airport does not work. Instead, planes land in Larnaca [in the Greek Cypriot section]. (a) Council Regulation (EC) No 866/2004 of 29 April 2004, adopted on 1 April 2004. Entered into force in May 2004 (`the Green Line Regulation`, GLF), establishes special rules for goods, services and persons crossing the border between the territories of the Republic of Cyprus over which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus exercises effective control and those over which that is not the case.
Annex I lists the border crossings: Ledra Palace and Agios Dhometios. In accordance with Article 4(3), goods crossing the line shall be authorised only at the abovementioned border crossings and at the Pergamon and Strovilia border crossings under the authority of the Eastern Sovereign Base Area. The regulation refers to the prohibition of the movement of animals and animal products and provides for exemptions from customs duties and taxes on goods contained in the personal luggage of people crossing the border. For the consolidated text (31.8.2015), click here. Amendments to Regulation (EC) No 866/2004 At a conference of the EU Asylum Support Office in Malta last month, Nouris said the Greek Cypriot government was “obliged to take significant and drastic measures” along the buffer zone, adding that around 800 migrants had recently crossed it in 10 days. Nouris added that 15,000 migrants have rejected their asylum claims, but they cannot be deported because there is no coherent EU policy – or agreement with their country of origin – to return them. Despite these agreements, the long-standing conflict between the Greek Cypriot majority and the Turkish Cypriot minority intensified after independence. The difficulties encountered by the government in implementing some of the complex provisions of the Constitution, particularly with regard to local government and finance, prompted Makarios to propose 13 amendments to Küçük at the end of 1963. These were rejected by the Turkish government and the Turkish Cypriots, and fighting broke out between the two Cypriot communities. As a result, the turkish Cypriot-controlled area was reduced to a few enclaves, and Nicosia was divided by a ceasefire line – known as the Green Line – monitored by British troops. In March 1964, the UN Security Council approved the deployment of a multinational peacekeeping force in Cyprus, whose mandate has been extended several times as a result of the ongoing conflict.
In 1964, the Turkish Air Force intervened after the intensification of fighting in the northwest. Contingents of troops and officers from Greece and Turkey were secretly brought to the island to command and train the forces established by the two communities. Grivas, who had been promoted to lieutenant general in the Greek army, returned from Greece to command the Greek Cypriot National Guard. In 1967, an incident in the southeast led to a Turkish ultimatum to Greece, backed by the threat of invasion. The military junta led by the army that ruled Greece at the time acquiesced by withdrawing the continental contingents and General Grivas. A turbulent peace ensued, but the inter-municipal talks did not bring a solution. In April 2003, after a ban of nearly 30 years of passage, the Turkish Cypriot administration significantly eased travel restrictions across the demarcation line and allowed Greek Cypriots to cross the border crossing of the Ledra Palace just outside the walls of ancient Nicosia. This was made possible only after the decision of the ECtHR (Djavit An v.
Turkey, Application No. 20652/92).  C. Any other plant product not covered by points A and B above may be transported on a commercial basis by the Green Line, attached only by the document of the Turkish Cypriot Chamber of Commerce. Prior to Cyprus` accession to the European Union, the Republic of Cyprus imposed restrictions on foreigners crossing the Green Line, but these were abolished for EU citizens by Regulation (EU) No 866/2004.  In general, citizens of any country are allowed to cross the border, including Greek and Turkish Cypriots. A 2005 EU report states that “there is a systematic illegal route through the northern part to government-controlled areas” allowing an influx of asylum seekers.  7.1.
Temporary movement of goods With the exception of goods subject to veterinary and phytosanitary requirements, the following goods may be temporarily moved out of the territory of the Republic of Cyprus when the Government of the Republic of Cyprus does not exercise effective control over the territories of the Republic of Cyprus where the Government of the Republic of Cyprus exercises effective control: for a period not exceeding six months by issuing customs form CP 5: (a) the personal effects of persons exceeding the distance reasonably necessary for the journey and goods for sporting purposes; (b) means of transport; (c) professional equipment; (d) goods intended for repair; (e) goods intended to be displayed or used at a public event. Form CP 5 is issued only for vehicles with foreign license plates (not the so-called “T.R.N.C”) and can be driven by foreign visitors to areas where the Government of the Republic of Cyprus exercises effective control, for a maximum period of 6 months. The person concerned is obliged to return his vehicle no later than the date of expiry of the temporary transfer of the vehicle. No CP 5 form is issued for: (a) vehicles with illegal State registration plates, so-called “T.R.N.C”, (b) personally worn items such as clothing and footwear 7.2 Prohibitions of restricted goods or merchandise Goods it is forbidden to cross the line when imported from the closed ports of the Republic of Cyprus and the illegal airport, with the exception of goods exempt from customs duties and taxes in accordance with paragraph 6. In addition: Animals and products of animal origin The movement of live animals and products of animal origin across the line is prohibited, with the exception of the movement of fresh fish and honey for commercial purposes. The movement of honey for personal use (up to 3 kg) is also an exception. This prohibition covers farm animals and pets, either for commercial trafficking (e.g. B, transport to a slaughterhouse for immediate slaughter), either as a pet accompanied by the owner, fertilizers, snails, reptiles, hunting, etc. In the case of a movement of fresh fish for commercial purposes, a valid accompanying document must be presented and movement in open spaces is authorised after inspection and approval by veterinary officials. In the case of the movement of honey for commercial purposes, a valid accompanying document must be presented and the movement to the exposed areas will be authorized after inspection and approval by the agents of the veterinary and health service.
The movement of fresh fish can only be allowed from the Agios Dometios crossing point. Waste The transfer of waste to open spaces is prohibited unless accompanied by a waste management permit for collection and transport by environmental services in relation to the specific vehicle transporting the waste. Counterfeit and pirated goods The transfer of counterfeit and pirated goods/objects (even a single piece) from people is prohibited. In accordance with Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 1480/2004, the authorities of the Republic of Cyprus shall ensure that goods crossing the finish line comply with Community rules prohibiting the importation of counterfeit, pirated and pirated goods and pirated sales. Samples of components can be obtained for further inspection by the market product surveillance services of the Ministry of the Interior. Radio equipment The transfer of radio equipment to areas free for radioactivity is prohibited, unless its owner is authorized by the Department of Electronic Communications to use radio frequencies. Cement The movement of cement bags in 50 kg packages in open areas is prohibited. For all types of cement, whether packed in 25 kg bags or transported in bulk, and in order to place them on the market, the consignee must provide a certificate of analysis of the cement by an accredited European laboratory on chromium VI content [Cr (VI)], which must be accepted by the Ministry of Labour Control. The exception is the transport of bulk cement in suitable vehicles that do not allow leaks.
Pharmaceuticals The shipment of controlled drugs (drugs and psychotropic drugs), doping steroids and other substances that can be used for doping is prohibited. In addition, the dispatch of medical devices for which there is doubt as to their intended purpose for personal use, as well as for those which are not labelled or labelled or which bear a misleading marking, shall be prohibited ….