The care curve in the cancer population tends to be non-linear. It is often characterized by the speed with which caregivers must assume the role when treatment decisions are made and treatment begins. As the cancer experience unfolds, nursing transitions can occur in rapid succession, each with its own learning curve in movement from one treatment modality to another (for example.B. from postoperative recovery at home to the beginning of radiation or chemotherapy). Transitions between care settings also occur in unpredictable ways. For example, transitions from home to the emergency room in the hospital are unpredictable, but not uncommon. In addition, the functional abilities of older adults with cancer can fluctuate rapidly, resulting in intense but short periods of care. Rapid transitions in the nursing role may also occur in the context of advanced cancer, as the care recipient moves from treatment of advanced cancer symptoms (para. B example, pain, sleep disturbances and loss of appetite) to a series of changes in functional state and self-sufficiency, ultimately leading to end-of-life care and bereavement. The rapid succession of care transitions, some of which may occur with little warning, calls into question the ability of caregivers to need care, as capacity may or may not be sufficient during one phase of the care curve to meet the demands of the next phase.
Caregivers continue to work with seniors who move into residential facilities (e.B assisted living and nursing homes). They perform tasks similar to those of the person who needs care, providing emotional support and camaraderie as well as food, care, money management, shopping, and transportation. For example, Williams and colleagues (2012) found in interviews with 438 of these caregivers between 2002 and 2005 that more than half of caregivers monitored the health of care recipients, managed care, and helped with meals; 40 percent helped with personal care tasks. Caregivers may also take on new tasks when their caregiver moves into a residential facility, interacts with institutional administration and staff, advocates on behalf of the resident, and acts as an alternate decision-maker (Friedemann et al., 1997; Ryan and Scullion, 2000). While it is not prohibited for a personal care agreement to exist between spouses, if the purpose of the contract is to “spend” excess assets to reach the Medicaid limit, this technique will not work. Indeed, all the property of a couple is considered as community property. For other ways married couples can reduce countable assets for Medicaid eligibility purposes, click here. Category aspects related to patient discharge concerned specific measures or information on patient discharge and follow-up in the name of continuity of family care. Sub-categories included “discharge date coordination”, discussion of home follow-up, “lifestyle and medication instructions at home”, and “contact information for follow-up care” or “if symptoms worsen”.
Nurses rarely discussed a discharge date with patients or family caregivers during planned discussions. On a few occasions, nurses have approached the patient`s home situation to coordinate possible follow-up activities, as illustrated by the following quote: In summary, the role of care changes over time with changes in the care needs of older adults, transitions from one care facility to another, and changes in family settings, social and geographical care. The diversity of family structures, norms, values and relationships shapes the way the nursing journey unfolds. While typical phases of the care trajectory can be identified, they are not necessarily linear and a certain degree of unpredictability is always present. As a result, caregiver needs are expected to change over time, indicating the need for regular assessment and reassessment, as described below. A reassessment is particularly important in transitional phases. An agreement is usually a contract between a family member who agrees to provide care services to a disabled or aging parent and the person being cared for. Self-care arrangement is more common between an adult child or their parents, but other family members may be involved, such as an adult grandchild caring for a grandparent. The family caregiver may notice that a loved one has problems with routine activities, such as . B balancing a checkbook.
Minimal support at this stage is needed. On the other hand, a family caregiver may suddenly take on caregiving responsibilities if the older person suffers from a hip fracture or stroke. It is very important that the wage rate set is appropriate. In other words, the wage rate cannot be higher than the usual rate for this type of care in the area where you live. Although payments may be made periodically, by . B weekly or biweekly, in some cases a large lump sum payment may be made. To be clear, a caregiver cannot be paid retroactively. This means that no payment can be made for the services provided before the conclusion of the contract. Instead, payments must be pay-as-you-go, or in states where lump-sum payments are allowed, the lump sum pays for future care services, essentially for the rest of the care recipient`s life. (Not all states allow lump sum payments and may instead view this type of payment as a gift, which violates Medicaid`s retrospective rule.) Care for family members of people with chronic diseases is being strengthened in the context of an ageing population and health care reform in the Netherlands. It is important for nurses to pay attention to the supporting roles of family caregivers of elderly patients and to address certain aspects of family care in the name of continuity of care. This study aims to examine what aspects of family care were addressed in the planned discussions between nurses, patients and family caregivers in the hospital.
Several aspects influence decision-making. This includes the values, preferences, skills, goals and perceptions of older caregivers and informal caregivers. Caregivers and people in need of care do not always agree. To get support, both parties can use living wills, powers of attorney and personal care arrangements. Nurses essentially shared information about hospital services with family caregivers, such as visiting hours and contact phone numbers. During discharge discussions, nurses regularly checked the medication at home with patients and/or family caregivers. Nurses were sometimes responsible for coordinating aspects of care with family caregivers related to discharge and follow-up of patients, particularly at family gatherings and discharge discussions. The presence of the data collectors could have affected the nurses` discussions and thus influenced the results.
Nevertheless, the impact was minimized as the non-participatory observation method was used and data collectors shaded nurses for a few days before the data collection period to become a familiar face for nurses . .