Ambassador Bohlen and Serrano met on 24 September, after which the Ambassador introduced the memorandum. During the discussion, Serrano said he could accept anything in the memorandum, except that it did not cover the use of the bases for utilitarian purposes as he had presented. He also noted that he wished to include the following statement: “The issue of the correlation between the duration of the MDT, MBA and MAA, military assistance and other issues raised by the Government of the Philippines under Article 2A of this Memorandum of Understanding will be discussed at a later stage.” The ambassador said it was reasonable to assume that these were declarations of intent concluded on the basis of the exploratory talks and that they would be included in formal agreements that would be signed by the plenipotentiaries of the two countries. A concurring record reads as follows: “The Memorandum of Understanding signed today is deemed without prejudice to the consideration that the Governments of the United States and the Philippines are considering, at a time to be determined by mutual agreement, a concrete programme of military support for the development of modern, balanced and effective forces in the Philippines and the subsequent updating of the Mutual Security Agreement.” A letter from the ambassador to Serrano stating that we are ready to include in any document formalizes the agreement we have reached “that nothing in the agreement affects the inherent right of either government to discuss, in appropriate circumstances, an issue of particular interest to them.” As foreign minister, he opened formal negotiations on reparations to end the nine-year state of technical warfare between Japan and the Philippines, which led to an agreement in April 1954. During the 1954 Geneva Conference on Korean Unification and Other Asian Problems, Garcia, as chairman of the Philippine delegation, attacked communist promises in Asia and defended U.S. policy in the Far East. In a speech delivered on May 7, 1954 – the day the Viet Minh defeated French forces at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam – Garcia reiterated the Philippine plea for nationalism and opposition to communism. [Citation needed] After his failed re-election, Garcia retired to Tagbilaran to be readmitted as a private citizen. He therefore suggested that he might be empowered to propose the following formula: “Nothing in this Memorandum of Understanding affects the inherent right of either government to discuss, in appropriate circumstances, with the other a matter of particular interest to them.” Work by or about Carlos P.
Garcia on Wikisource After much official and public debate, the Congress of the Philippines finally passed a law banning the Communist Party of the Philippines. Despite pressure on congressional action, Garcia signed the said law on June 19, 1957 as Republic Act No. 1700.   He also reported that Serrano had given him a long and detailed document on jurisdiction based on a draft previously given to him by the ambassador. (Embtels 1377, 1379, 12.10.59.) As for the minute on military aid, the ambassador felt that the inconveniences were not enough to justify their rejection, because the Philippine armed forces were very concerned about this issue and sooner or later we should raise this issue with the Filipinos. (Embtel 1240, 30.09.59.) On June 1, 1971, Garcia was elected a delegate to the 1971 Constitutional Convention. The delegates of the Convention elected him President of the Convention. But just days after his election, on June 14, 1971, Garcia died of a fatal heart attack at 5:57 p.m. .m.m. at his residence on Bohol Avenue (now Sgt. Esguerra Avenue), Quezon City.
 His successor as President of the Convention was his former Vice-President Diosdado Macapagal. [Citation needed] Garcia was the first layman to rest in Manila Cathedral – a privilege previously limited to a deceased archbishop of Manila – and the first president to be buried in Libingan ng mga Bayani. [Citation needed] Garcia grew up with politics, his father was mayor of the municipality for four terms. He received his primary education in his hometown of Talibon and then attended Cebu Provincial Secondary School, now Abellana National School, both at the top of his class. He continued his college education at Silliman University in the city of Dumaguete, Negros Oriental, then studied at the Philippine Law School, then at the National University School of Law, where he received his law degree in 1923, and later, where he received an honorary doctor of humanities Honoris Causa from the National University in 1961. He was one of the top ten law students on the bar exam.  On 22 September 1992, Republic Act No. 1700, as amended, was repealed by Republic Act No. 7636.
On May 24, 1933, he married Leonila Dimataga. The couple had one daughter, Linda Garcia-Campos. Garcia practiced the Filipino first politics for which he was known. This policy has favoured Filipino businessmen over foreign investors. He was also responsible for the changes in retail that greatly influenced Chinese businessmen in the country. In a speech delivered at a joint session of Congress on September 18, 1946, Garcia stated the following: At the time of President Magsaysay`s sudden death on March 17, 1957, Garcia led the Philippine delegation to the SEATO Conference, which was then being held in Canberra, Australia.  After being immediately informed of the tragedy, Vice President Garcia returned to Manila. Upon his arrival, he directly repaired the Malacañang Palace to take over the functions of the president. Chief Justice Ricardo Parás of the Supreme Court was on hand to take the oath.
President Garcia`s first actions were the declaration of a period of mourning for the entire nation and the funeral ceremonies of the late Chief Executive Magsaysay.  Republic Act No. 1700 was replaced by Presidential Decree No. 885 entitled “Prohibition of subversive organization, punishment for membership of it and for other purposes.” It was replaced by Presidential Decree No. 1736 and later by Presidential Decree No. 1835 entitled “Codification of the various anti-subversion laws and increase of sanctions for membership of subversive organizations”. This, in turn, was changed by Presidential Decree No. . .